Research Output
Energy Detection Based Spectrum Sensing Over Two-Wave With Diffuse Power Fading Channels
  One of the most important factors that affects the performance of energy detection (ED) is the fading channel between the wireless nodes. This paper investigates the performance of ED-based spectrum sensing, for cognitive radio (CR), over two-wave with diffuse power (TWDP) fading channels. The TWDP fading model characterizes a variety of fading channels, including well-known canonical fading distributions, such as Rayleigh and Rician, as well as worse-than-Rayleigh fading conditions modeled by the two-ray fading model. Novel analytic expressions for the average probability of detection over TWDP fading that account for single-user and cooperative spectrum sensing and square law selection diversity reception are derived. These expressions are used to analyze the behavior of ED-based spectrum sensing over moderate, severe, and extreme fading conditions and to investigate the use of cooperation and diversity as a means of mitigating the fading effects. The obtained results indicate that TWDP fading conditions can significantly degrade sensing performance; however, it is shown that detection performance can be improved when cooperation and diversity are employed. The presented outcomes enable identifying the limits of ED-based spectrum sensing and quantifying the tradeoffs between detection performance and energy efficiency for CR systems deployed within confined environments, such as in-vehicular wireless networks.

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  • Date:

    21 April 2016

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  • Publisher

    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

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  • Funders:

    University of Glasgow


Chatziantoniou, E., Allen, B., Velisavljevic, V., Karadimas, P., & Coon, J. (2016). Energy Detection Based Spectrum Sensing Over Two-Wave With Diffuse Power Fading Channels. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 66(1), 868-874.



Cognitive radio (CR), cooperative spectrum sensing, diversity reception, energy detection (ED), noise uncertainty, spectrum sensing, two-wave with diffuse power (TWDP) fading

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