Research Output
Fuzzy-Based Distributed Protocol for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication
  This paper modeled the multihop data-routing in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks(VANET) as Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) in four steps. First, the criteria which have an impact on the performance of the network layer are captured and transformed into fuzzy sets. Second, the fuzzy sets are characterized by Fuzzy Membership Functions(FMF) which are interpolated based on the data collected from massive experimental simulations. Third, the Analytical Hierarchy Process(AHP) is exploited to identify the relationships among the criteria. Fourth, multiple fuzzy rules are determined and, the TSK inference system is employed to infer and aggregate the final forwarding decision. Through integrating techniques of MCDM, FMF, AHP, and TSK, we designed a distributed and opportunistic data routing protocol, namely, VEFR (Vehicular Environment Fuzzy Router) which targets V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle) communication and runs in two main processes, Road Segment Selection(RSS) and Relay Vehicle Selection(RVS). RSS is intended to select multiple successive junctions through which the packets should travel from the source to the destination, while RVS process is intended to select relay vehicles within the selected road segment. The experimental results showed that our protocol performs and scales well with both network size and density, considering the combined problem of end-to-end packet delivery ratio and end-to-end latency.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    03 December 2019

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  • DOI:


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  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    004 Data processing & computer science

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities; National Natural Science Foundation of China


Hawbani, A., Torbosh, E., Wang, X., Sincak, P., Zhao, L., & Al-Dubai, A. (2021). Fuzzy-Based Distributed Protocol for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication. IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems, 29(3), 612-626.



vehicular network, analytical hierarchy process, TSK fuzzy inference system, fuzzy routing

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    Fuzzy Based Distributed Protocol For Vehicle To Vehicle Communication


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