Research Output

Health value & perceived control over health: behavioural constructs to support Type 2 diabetes self-management in clinical practice

  Aims and objectives

To explore health value and perceived control over health in relation to self-management behaviours in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Background

Helping people to modify health related behaviour in diabetes is complex due to a multitude of factors. Exploring the meaning of the constructs of Modified Social Learning Theory could be beneficial to identifying people at risk of poor diabetes self-management.
Design

An exploratory qualitative study.
Methods

Thirteen adults with insulin-treated Type 2 diabetes mellitus were purposively sampled. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. An in-depth thematic analysis was carried out.
Results

Health became a value priority on diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Participants described holding both terminal (relating to desired end states) and instrumental (a means to an end) health values pre-diagnosis but these became instrumental post-diagnosis to meet new lifestyle needs and maintain their quality of life. Descriptions of ‘conflicts’ in locus of control beliefs when managing Type 2 diabetes mellitus demonstrated influences on levels of self-efficacy and health value. Common themes that impacted on diabetes self-management included co-morbidities, medication management, blood glucose monitoring and reasoning for Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Conclusions

Locus of control beliefs, levels of self-efficacy and health value were influenced by complications associated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The findings on Modified Social Learning Theory and instrumental health value as a moderator to health behaviour resulted in the development of a proposed framework with potential practical utility.
Relevance to clinical practice

This research demonstrates the relevance of exploring the constructs of Modified Social Learning Theory (MSLT) in relation to diabetes self-management behaviours in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The proposed Type 2 diabetes mellitus Self-management Behaviour Support framework incorporates Modified Social Learning Theory and instrumental health value as the theoretical basis for development and could provide clinical nurses and doctors with a tool that will allow for in-depth assessment and planning of Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients' self-management behaviours.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    28 May 2015

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Wiley-Blackwell

  • DOI:

    10.1111/jocn.12878

  • ISSN:

    0962-1067

  • Library of Congress:

    RC Internal medicine

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    613 Personal health & safety

Citation

Nugent, L. E., Carson, M., Zammitt, N. N., Smith, G. D., & Wallston, K. A. (2015). Health value & perceived control over health: behavioural constructs to support Type 2 diabetes self-management in clinical practice. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(15-16), 2201-2210. doi:10.1111/jocn.12878

Authors

Keywords

health behaviour; health value; Modified Social Learning Theory; perceived control; Type 2 diabetes mellitus

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