Research Output

'Hyperlocal e-democracy'? The experience of Scotland's Community Councils.

  This paper is motivated by the need to understand the reality of the use of the now well-established opportunities offered by the internet to engage with citizens. Building on previous research this paper derives a framework tailored for evaluation of e-participation and internet usage by representative bodies at the community or hyperlocal level which was applied in a survey of the use of Scotland’s Community Councils (CCs). The survey found a generally low level of use and engagement with citizens with evn the actually existing websites hosting one-way communication, with only a small minority hosting online discussion and opinion-gathering. A significant factor in the richness of contet is association with other local community groups. Findings are contextualised with reference to other European examples and research indicating a number of contributing factors. The report concludes by suggesting an agenda for further research.

  • Publication Status:


  • Publisher

    Edition Donau-Universität Krems

  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    005 Computer programming, programs & data


Cruickshank, P., Ryan, B. & Smith, C. F. (2013). 'Hyperlocal e-democracy'? The experience of Scotland's Community Councils. In Parycek, P. & Edelmann, N. (Eds.). CeDEM14 Proceedings, 73-84. ISBN 978-3-902505-35-4



representation; communication; internet; hyperlocal; e-participation; community;

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