Research Output
Load Balancing Objective Function in RPL (Draft 2)
  This document proposes an extended Objective Function(OF) that balances the number of child nodes of the parent nodes to avoid the overloading problem and ensure node lifetime maximization in the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks (RPL). The standard OFs are used to build a Destination Oriented Directed Acyclic Graph (DODAG) where the bottleneck nodes may suffer from unbalanced traffic load. As a result, a part of the network may be disconnected as the energy of the overloaded preferred parent node will drain much faster than other candidate parents. Thus, a new RPL metric has been introduced to balance the traffic load over the network. Finally, the potential extra overhead has been mitigated using a new utilization technique.

  • Type:

    Technical Standard

  • Date:

    29 October 2017

  • Publication Status:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    004 Data processing & computer science

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Qasem, M., Al-Dubai, A., Romdhani, I., Ghaleb, B., Hou, J., & Jadhav, R. A. (2017). Load Balancing Objective Function in RPL (Draft 2). USA: IETF



Internet of Things, RPL,

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