Research Output

Modelling and Characterization of NAND Flash Memory Channels.

  The threshold voltage distribution after ideal programming in NAND flash memory cells is usually distorted by a combination of the random telegraph noise (RTN), cell-to-cell Interference (CCI), and the retention process. To decide the original bits more accurately in this scenario, a precise channel model shall be utilized on the basis of the measured threshold voltages. This paper aims to characterize these various distortions occurring in multi-level cell (MLC) flash memories. A mathematical description of the overall distribution for the total flash channel distortion is presented. The final threshold voltage distribution for each symbol of MLC flash is also characterized, which is important for calculating the exact soft decisions of cell bits and the application of advanced flash error correction. The results of the theoretical analysis have been validated through Monte Carlo simulations of the flash channel.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    31 December 2015

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  • Library of Congress:

    TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    621.389 Computer engineering


Xu, Q., Gong, P., Chen, T. M., Michael, J., & Li, S. (2015). Modelling and Characterization of NAND Flash Memory Channels. Measurement : journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 70, 225-231.



NAND flash; Error correction codes; Flash channel; Soft decisions;

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