Research Output

On artificial Immune systems and swarm Intelligence.

  This position paper explores the nature and role of two bio-inspired paradigms, namely Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) and Swarm Intelligence (SI). We argue that there are many aspects of AIS that have direct parallels with SI and examine the role of AIS and SI in science and also in engineering, with the primary focus being on the immune system. We explore how in some ways, algorithms from each area are similar, but we also advocate, and explain, that rather than being competitors, AIS and SI are complementary tools and can be used effectively together to solve complex engineering problems.

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  • Date:

    30 November 2009

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  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    006.3 Artificial intelligence


Timmis, J., Andrews, P. & Hart, E. (2009). On artificial Immune systems and swarm Intelligence. Swarm Intelligence. 4, 247-273. doi:10.1007/s11721-010-0045-5. ISSN 1935-3812



Artificial immune systems; swarm intelligence; swarm robotics; Immunology;

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