Research Output

Parasitic infection of the hyperiid amphipod Themisto libellula in the Canadian Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean), with a description of Ganymedes themistos sp. n. (Apicomplexa, Eugregarinorida)

  Two parasites were found in the hyperiid amphipod Themisto libellula sampled with nets and collected by sediment traps over the annual cycle in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. The trophozoites of the newly described gregarine Ganymedes themistos sp. n. infected the digestive tract of 60.2% of the T. libellula analyzed from net collections. An unidentified ciliate infected the body cavity of 4.4% of amphipods. G. themistos possessed the ball-like structure at the anterior end and the cup-like invagination at the posterior end that are typical of the genus Ganymedes. The frequency and severity (number of parasites host−1) of infection by G. themistos increased with the length of T. libellula in the range 8–20 mm, and leveled off at ca. 94% and 186 trophozoites host−1 on average in the range 20–34 mm. Spatially, gregarine infection was less severe (63 ± 100 G. themistos host−1) on the Slope than on the Mackenzie Shelf (110 ± 160) and in the Amundsen Gulf (132 ± 157). No evidence of an impact of trophozoite infection on the feeding and sexual maturation of the host was found. For a given size of T. libellula, infection by both parasites was more frequent in the traps than in the nets (G. themistos: 91.0% vs. 82.7%; ciliates: 16.3% vs. 6%). The 2.7 times higher infection frequency in the traps suggested that the ciliate parasite may kill its host

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    20 May 2010

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Springer-Verlag

  • DOI:

    10.1007/s00300-010-0821-0

  • Cross Ref:

    821

  • ISSN:

    0722-4060

Citation

Prokopowicz, A. J., Rueckert, S., Leander, B. S., Michaud, J., & Fortier, L. (2010). Parasitic infection of the hyperiid amphipod Themisto libellula in the Canadian Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean), with a description of Ganymedes themistos sp. n. (Apicomplexa, Eugregarinorida). Polar Biology, 33(10), 1339-1350. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-010-0821-0

Authors

Keywords

General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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