Research Output

Photogrammetric Evaluation of Glulam Timber Shear Modulus Using Torsion Test Method and Dual Stereo Vision System

  The shear modulus of timber and timber-based composite materials is a fundamental me-chanical property which is used in the design of timber and engineered wood products. The problem of experimentally determining appropriate values of shear modulus for timber-based composite is not as simple and straightforward as in isotropic materials. Although the torsion test is a recommended standard approach to determine the shear modulus of structural-size timber and glulam beams, it is a difficult to measure the rotational deformations of the timber beams. Therefore, in this paper, a stereo camera system combined with a photogrammetric approach is proposed to evaluate the values and variations of the shear modulus of glulam beams under the torsion test. The photogrammetric approach is a non-contact method which provides an efficient and alternative approach for measuring the deformations of the torsion specimens in three dimensions. A series of experiments were conducted on glulam timber beams under the torsion test to investigate the applicability of the optical approach to evaluate the values and variations of shear modulus as well as to investigate the effect of applying torques in a clockwise or anticlockwise direction on the shear modulus of the beams. This optical system not only allows the performance and reliability of the traditional sensors to be assessed, but also allows the rotational deformation of the torsion samples to be monitored at various locations. This enables the values of shear modulus at different cross-sections of the torsion specimens to be evaluated without the need to use more devices. The test results showed that applying torques to the glulam timber specimens during loading and unloading in either a clockwise or anticlockwise direction does not influence or cause a significant change in the shear modulus of the beams. By comparing shear modulus values of glulam beams measured based on different shear spans, it was found that the larger the shear span the smaller the shear modulus value. This might indicate that the variations of shear modulus values at these different gauge lengths needs to be considered.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    05 July 2021

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • DOI:

    10.1007/s00107-021-01729-8

  • Cross Ref:

    10.1007/s00107-021-01729-8

  • ISSN:

    0018-3768

  • Funders:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China; Royal Academy of Engineering; ENU Development Trust; British Council

Citation

Mohamed, A., Deng, Y., Zhang, H., Wong, S. H. F., Uheida, K., Zhang, Y., …Quan, Y. (2021). Photogrammetric Evaluation of Glulam Timber Shear Modulus Using Torsion Test Method and Dual Stereo Vision System. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 79, 1209-1223. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-021-01729-8

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