Research Output

Response of soil bacterial community composition and its associated geochemical parameters to rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations: soil column experiments

  Groundwater-level oscillations change geochemical conditions, carbon cycling processes and bacterial community composition, and these changes may vary vertically with depth in a soil. In this study, soil column experiments were conducted to explore variations in soil bacterial community composition and its associated geochemical parameters to rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations driven by natural fluctuations (NF) and rainfall infiltration (RI) and the results are compared with quasi static (QS) column. Water saturation patterns in vadose and oscillated zones, and oxygen level patterns, soil total organic carbon (TOC) removal rates and soil bacterial community composition in vadose, oscillated and saturated zones were evaluated. Results showed that water saturation and oxygen level oscillated with groundwater level in NF and RI columns. TOC removal rates in RI column were the highest across vadose (~38.4%), oscillated (~35.8%) and saturated (~35.2%) zones. Deltaproteobacteria, which was significantly correlated with TOC removal (p < 0.05), exhibited relatively higher abundances in the vadose and oscillated zones of RI column than those of QS and NF columns. Soil bacterial community structure was dynamic at the class level due to water saturation, oxygen level and TOC removal. TOC removal was the driver to separate distribution of bacterial community structure in the vadose and oscillated zones of RI column from those of QS and NF columns. This study suggests that RI induced rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations could significantly influence both soil carbon cycle and bacterial community structure in vadose and oscillated zones.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    05 March 2020

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • DOI:

    10.1002/vzj2.20011

  • Library of Congress:

    TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    624 Civil engineering

  • Funders:

    Beijing Normal University

Citation

Xia, X., Cheng, L., Zhu, Y., Liu, Y., Wang, K., Ding, A., …Zuo, L. (2020). Response of soil bacterial community composition and its associated geochemical parameters to rapid short-term cyclic groundwater-level oscillations: soil column experiments. Vadose Zone Journal, 19(1), https://doi.org/10.1002/vzj2.20011

Authors

Keywords

groundwater-level oscillations; soil carbon cycle; bacterial community composition

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