Research Output

The relationship between emotional intelligence, previous caring experience and successful completion of a pre-registration nursing/midwifery degree

  Aim
To examine the relationship between baseline emotional intelligence and prior caring experience with completion of pre-registration nurse and midwifery education.
Background
Selection and retention of nursing students is a global challenge. Emotional intelligence is well conceptualised, measurable and an intuitive prerequisite to nursing values and so might be a useful selection criterion. Previous caring experience may also be associated with successful completion of nurse training.
Design
Prospective longitudinal study.
Method
Self-report trait and ability emotional intelligence scores were obtained from 876 student nurses from two Scottish Universities before they began training in 2013. Data on previous caring experience were recorded. Relationships between these metrics and successful completion of the course were calculated in SPSS version 23.
Results
Nurses completing their programme scored significantly higher on trait emotional intelligence than those that did not complete their programme. Nurses completing their programme also scored significantly higher on social connection scores than those that did not. There was no relationship between ‘ability’ emotional intelligence and completion. Previous caring experience was not statistically significantly related to completion.
Conclusion
Students with higher baseline trait emotional intelligence scores were statistically more likely to complete training than those with lower scores. This relationship also held using ‘Social connection’ scores. At best, previous caring experience made no difference to students’ chances of completing training. Caution is urged when interpreting these results because the headline findings mask considerable heterogeneity. Neither previous caring experience or global emotional intelligence measures should be used in isolation to recruit nurses.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    14 September 2017

  • Publication Status:

    Published

  • Publisher

    Wiley-Blackwell

  • DOI:

    10.1111/jan.13455

  • ISSN:

    0309-2402

  • Library of Congress:

    RT Nursing

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    610.7 Medical education, research & nursing

  • Funders:

    NHS Education Scotland; NHS Education for Scotland

Citation

Snowden, A., Stenhouse, R., Duers, L., Marshall, S., Carver, F., Brown, N., & Young, J. (2018). The relationship between emotional intelligence, previous caring experience and successful completion of a pre-registration nursing/midwifery degree. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 74(2), 433-442. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13455

Authors

Keywords

emotional intelligence; student nurse selection; values based selection; student nurse retention; nursing; previous caring experience

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