Research Output

Trust-aware and Cooperative Routing Protocol for IoT Security

  The resource-constrained nature of IoT objects makes the Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) vulnerable to several attacks. Although RPL specification provides encryption protection to control messages, RPL is still vulnerable to internal attackers and selfish behaviours. To address the lack of robust security mechanisms in RPL, we designed a new Metric-based RPL Trustworthiness Scheme (MRTS) that introduces trust evaluation for secure routing topology construction. Extensive simulations show that MRTS is efficient and performant with respect to packet delivery ratio, energy consumption, and nodes’ rank changes. In addition, a mathematical modelling analysis shows that MRTS meets the requirements of consistency, optimality, and loop-freeness, and that the proposed trustbased routing metric has the isotonicity and monotonicity properties required for a routing protocol. By using game theory concepts, we formally describe MRTS as a strategy for the iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma and demonstrate its cooperation enforcement characteristic. Both mathematical analysis and evolutionary simulation results show clearly that MRTS, as a strategy is an effective approach in promoting the stability and the evolution of the Internet of Things network.

  • Type:


  • Date:

    28 February 2020

  • Publication Status:


  • DOI:


  • Library of Congress:

    QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    005.8 Data security

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Djedjig, N., Tandjaoui, D., Medjek, F., & Romdhani, I. (2020). Trust-aware and Cooperative Routing Protocol for IoT Security. Journal of Information Security and Applications, 52,



RPL, Secure routing, Internet of things, Trust management, Game theory, Cooperation enforcement

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