Research Output
A Critique on the UK’s Net Zero Strategy
  Before the Covid-19 pandemic UK passed net-zero emission law legislation to become the first major economy in the world to end its contribution to global warming by 2050. Following the UK’s legislation to reach net-zero emissions, a long-term strategy for transition to a net-zero target was published in 2021. The strategy is a technology-led and with a top-down approach. The intention is to reach the target over the next three decades. The document targets seven sectors to reduce emissions and include a wide range of policies and innovations for decarbonization. This paper aims to accomplish a much needed review of the strategy in heat and buildings part and cover the key related areas in future buildings standard, heat pumps and use of hydrogen as elaborated in the strategy. For that purpose, this research reviews key themes in the policy, challenges, recent advancement and future possibilities. It provides an insight on the overall development toward sustainability and decarbonization of built environment in the UK by 2050. A foresight model, Future Wheels is also used to visualize the findings from the review and provide a clear picture of the potential impact of the policy.

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  • Date:

    05 January 2023

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  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


Sajjadian, S. M. (2023). A Critique on the UK’s Net Zero Strategy. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 56, Article 103003.



Net zero, Insulations, Heat pump, Hydrogen

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