Research Output
A holistic human activity recognition optimisation using AI techniques
  Building on previous radar-based human activity recognition (HAR), we expand the micro-Doppler signature to 6 domains and exploit each domain with a set of handcrafted features derived from the literature and our patents. An adaptive thresholding method to isolate the region of interest is employed, which is then applied in other domains. To reduce the computational burden and accelerate the convergence to an optimal solution for classification accuracy, a holistic approach to HAR optimisation is proposed using a surrogate model-assisted differential evolutionary algorithm (SADEA-I) to jointly optimise signal processing, adaptive thresholding and classification parameters for HAR. Two distinct classification models are evaluated with holistic optimisation: SADEA-I with support vector machine classifiers (SVM) and SADEA-I with AlexNet. They achieve an accuracy of 89.41% and 93.54%, respectively. This is an improvement of ∼11.3% for SVM and ∼2.7% for AlexNet when compared to the performance without SADEA-I. The effectiveness of our holistic approach is validated using the University of Glasgow human radar signatures dataset. This proof of concept is significant for dimensionality reduction and computational efficiency when facing a multiplication of radar representation domains/feature spaces and transmitting/receiving channels that could be individually tuned in modern radar systems.

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  • Date:

    15 September 2023

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  • Funders:

    Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council


Li, Z., Liu, Y., Liu, B., Le Kernec, J., & Yang, S. (2024). A holistic human activity recognition optimisation using AI techniques. IET Radar, Sonar & Navigation, 18(2), 256-265.



evolutionary computation, pattern classification, radar, radar signal processing

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