Research Output

eScaping in the city, retailvents in socio-spatially managed futures.

  From a mercantile past, of the travelling merchant and adventures and travels around the world, to proliferation of market towns, to the growth of individual – specialist – shops and then to the emergence of retail giants (supermarkets to superstores), retail has gone through many changes. With the emergence of hypermarkets, of self-service retail, global retail chains, and the emergence of luxuriant city centre shopping (Park, Reisinger and Noh 2010), so too the world has witnessed a radical change in the expectations of consumers. This has been discussed as a transition of shopping as activity based on functionality to one based on leisure values (Carr 1990; Timothy 2005). The integration of retail with an online digital platform has seen these values altered again.

  • Date:

    13 August 2014

  • Publication Status:


  • Library of Congress:

    HD28 Management. Industrial Management

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    658 General management

  • Funders:

    Historic Funder (pre-Worktribe)


Robertson, M., & Lees, G. (2014). eScaping in the city, retailvents in socio-spatially managed futures. In I. Yeoman, M. Robertson, U. McMahon-Beattie, E. Backer, & K. Smith (Eds.), The Future of Events and Festivals. , (251-267). (1). Oxon, UK: Taylor & Francis




Retail, Consumers, shopping, leisure activity,

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