Research Output

Qualitative exploration of the barriers to, and facilitators of, screening children for autism spectrum disorder in Oman

  Few studies explored the challenges associated with screening of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Arab and Middle Eastern countries. This study aims to explore the facilitators of and barriers to screening for ASD in Oman. The study reported the initial qualitative phase of a mixed-method design that conducted two focus group discussions, involving 13 nurses and general practitioners (GPs) from primary healthcare settings. Participants were recruited using a purposive and snowballing technique. Discussions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The Framework Analysis was used to identify recurrent themes within and across groups. Both groups were positive about introducing screening for ASD. However, they felt burdened with responsibilities and lacked the infrastructure and an awareness of ASD services in Oman, as well as the essential skills to undertake screening. Additionally, limited public awareness of ASD and an interest in traditional medicine, as well as social stigma were considered barriers to screening.

  • Type:

    Article

  • Date:

    05 December 2018

  • Publication Status:

    In Press

  • DOI:

    10.1080/03004430.2018.1550084

  • Cross Ref:

    10.1080/03004430.2018.1550084

  • ISSN:

    0300-4430

  • Library of Congress:

    RJ Pediatrics

  • Dewey Decimal Classification:

    618 Gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics & geriatrics

  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded

Citation

Al Maskari, T., Melville, C., Al Farsi, Y., Wahid, R., & Willis, D. (in press). Qualitative exploration of the barriers to, and facilitators of, screening children for autism spectrum disorder in Oman. Early Child Development and Care, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2018.1550084

Authors

Keywords

Autism, Oman, screening, focus group, barriers,

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