Research Output
Translation and validation of Vietnamese version of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R)
The 10-item Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R) is a quick and easy survey instrument recommended by the International Consortium for Health Outcome Measures as the tool of choice for measuring women’s birth satisfaction.

To translate and validate a Vietnamese-language version of the BSS-R.

A quantitative cross-sectional method was used to gather data post translation and back-translation of a Vietnamese version of the BSS-R (VN-BSS-R). Data collected were psychometrically evaluated using key indices of validity and reliability.

Vietnamese women who were within one month postpartum of birth (N = 383) took part in the study.

Findings illustrate that a two-factor model offered excellent psychometric properties. With the two-factor VN-BSS-R, five items loaded onto a subscale ‘Positive birth experiences’ and the other five onto a second subscale ‘Negative birth experiences’. This two-factor model offered a fit to data (root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA] = 0.07, 90% confidence interval [CI] [0.05, 0.09], root square mean residual [RMSE] = 0.04 and comparative fit index [CFI] = 0.97). Mean scores for the exploratory factor analysis [EFA]-derived ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ sub-scales were 17.12 (SD 2.34) and 8.40 (SD 4.18) respectively.

The translated and validated VN-BSS-R is a psychometrically robust tool for measuring birth satisfaction in Vietnamese postpartum women.

The VN-BSS-R is available for use to measure experiences and perceptions of intrapartum care received by Vietnamese women

  • Type:


  • Date:

    09 April 2024

  • Publication Status:

    In Press

  • DOI:


  • ISSN:


  • Funders:

    Edinburgh Napier Funded


MacVicar, S., Jordan, A., Vu, H., Ngoc Tran, H., Greig, Y., Thi Tuyet Nguyen, H., …Hollins Martin, C. J. (in press). Translation and validation of Vietnamese version of the Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology,



Maternal health and well-being; labour; midwifery care; translation and validation; Vietnam; Birth Satisfaction Scale-Revised (BSS-R)

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